Great Expectations Essay - Essay

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Related Searches Great expectations Literary analysis. Ruqayyah Rashid. Sam Horne. Miah Rashiduzzaman. Skye G-s. Crystal Wong. Nino Nina Avaliani. Loiverszche D. Petronela Pintea. Aside from these obvious loners, each struggling to find his or her place in the world, Jaggers also stands alone, an upholder of the law but to an inhuman degree. He never lets down his guard, as though he were likely to be sued if he relaxed, misspoke, or reacted at all with emotion.

No matter how openly Pip offers friendship, Jaggers maintains a distant attitude and instead admires the wealthy but evil Bentley Drummle for knowing what he wants and getting it. While Pip has the greatest number of friends of these alienated characters, even he is strangely hesitant to leave London to rejoin Joe and Biddy or to accept Herbert Pocket's offer of a position in his firm. Only when Pip has exhausted his expectations and has no other direction to turn does he realize that he is quite lucky to have two good great expectation essay chapter 1 who love him for himself and can forget about his social status.

By doing this, Pip is the one character who works his way out of alienation and loneliness into a socially active life that is enriched by love shared with friends. Although this hard-earned knowledge was not one of his original "expectations," Pip finds that this is far greater wealth than any benefactor's inheritance. As a child, Pip is small for his age and quite weak, physically and temperamentally.

An orphan living with his sister in near poverty, he dreams of great wealth. Meanwhile, finding ways to avoid abuse from his sister becomes his daily lesson. He submits to the insults of Mrs. Joe, Uncle Pumblechook, Mr. Wopsle, Estella and Miss Havisham's relatives. Pip is terrified of Miss Havisham when she first orders him to play a game as she watches him and he realizes that he is too miserable to play at anything.

Later, he is anxious and delighted to escape that life and go to the city where he can establish a new identity as a gentleman in his own right. Indeed, from his first day in London he is addressed as "Mr. Pip" and treated well.

He finds, however, that he has little to back up that esteem except money that he has not earned and only squanders on expensive clothes, decorations for his apartment, and a servant boy he calls "The Avenger. Yet when Joe comes to London, Pip is ashamed of him, embarrassed that Joe now calls him "Sir" yet distressed by Joe's low-brow speech and country clothes. Pip is likewise mortified by Magwitch. Even after learning that the convict is responsible for Pip's rise in status and his great allowance, Pip does not want to be seen with the old man because Magwitch does not fit into Pip's new identity.

That Magwitch has risked his life to come back to England to see Pip does not influence Pip's decision to get rid of Magwitch as soon as possible. Pip frequently returns to the village to visit Miss Havisham and Estella, and to enjoy a gentleman's treatment from the shopkeeper Trabb and Trabb's boy who once sneered at Pip.

However, Pip neither returns to the humble forge to visit Joe nor sends any message to him. In time, Pip is ashamed of that and apologizes to both Magwitch and Joe. Also, he forgives Miss Havisham for her early cruelty with a kiss on her deathbed.

But this cannot happen until he has endured greater suffering and pangs of conscience than he ever knew as a weakling boy on the marsh. Miss Havisham also rises above her reputation as a tight-fisted and heartless old woman by granting Pip's request for money to set up Herbert Pocket in a business, and by begging Pip's forgiveness before she dies.

Once cruel, she ends by suffering from the realization that she has wasted her life on hatred and vengeance, yet it is too late for her to enjoy her change of heart. Pip adds this to his lessons on gaining respect and peace in his own life. Another good model comes from Wemmick, who adores his old father and shares care of the Aged Parent with Pip on at least one occasion when, ironically, Pip is avoiding contact with Magwitch. Nevertheless, Pip attends Magwitch in his last days as tenderly as Wemmick tends his own father and as lovingly as Joe nurses Pip back from death.

When Pip finally returns to the marsh to propose marriage to Biddy and to thank Joe, he finds them already married. Pip asks Joe's forgiveness before he joins Herbert Pocket, Jr. Pip finally takes charge of his future and enjoys the love of his family and friends, realizing that they are his most precious wealth. Having been first a pauper, then a man of the leisure classand finally a middle-class worker, Pip is finally certain of his place in the world by knowing true contentment and self-worth.

In the endless struggle for power, the winners are the ruthless, thinks Jaggers. He has yet to learn that such power is not equal to the strength of being true to one's convictions, as Pip learns.

Even though Jaggers deals with victims and victimizers daily, he is less informed than Pip is as a victim himself. Joe Gargery prides herself on having brought up Pip "by hand," meaning with no dissertation contents page but also with the idea that sparing the rod spoils the child.

Yet Pip has not been spared numerous encounters with "The Tickler," his sister's cane. But if one who lives by the cane dies by it, so does Mrs. Joe suffer a violent beating before her death. Similarly, other victimizers become victims before their final chance to repent. Magwitch, once a thug on the streets of London, is stalked by his former accomplice. While his childhood in the underworld taught him to eat or be eaten, Magwitch risks great expectation essay chapter 1 to return to England so that he can see for which of the following is not one of the three basic parts of a persuasive essay Pip's success and to settle his score with the villainous Compeyson.

Also, Molly is "tamed" by Jaggers. A gypsy by birth, a criminal by necessity, and now bound to his household, she neither roams nor breaks the law anymore. But she is a powerless victim who never learns the fate of her daughter except that the child has been adopted into a wealthy household where she will receive the food and shelter Molly cannot provide. While Pip worries that Drummle will harm Estella, it is she who must endure a loveless marriage to outlive her cruel husband.

A victim of Miss Havisham's icy character instead of enjoying the love of a mother, Estella is first the abused and then the abuser of both Pip and Miss Havisham. She then becomes the abused wife of the rotten Drummle. Yet, finally, at least in the original ending, Estella is a potentially better mother to her daughter than either her own mother or Miss Havisham ever were to her.

Even in the revised ending, she breaks the abuse cycle by reconciling with Pip as his equal. And a lesser character, Trabb's boy, insults Pip and his first good suit of clothes.

It is the only way that this poor fellow has of getting back at someone who has had better luck than he has had, for Trabb's boy was humiliated when his employer ordered him to be polite to the new young great expectation essay Pip. In this way, Trabb's boy is both the victim of class distinction in his society and a victimizer of the upper class in the only way he can be.

Through his unobserved and therefore unpunishable rudeness to Pip, he defends himself and strikes a blow at a social class that he has no hope of ever joining. Pip himself must realize that he has victimized people by treating them as lesser creatures. He realizes that he broke Joe's heart when he left the forge and again when he stayed out of contact for eleven years. He hurts Biddy by telling her that he could never love her, even though he returns intending to ask her to marry him after he has lost all of his money.

Finding her already married to Joe is Pip's final lesson that power is not related to happiness and that one can only be a victim by permitting it. Trabb's boy is not Pip's only example. Jaggers is also feared by those who are not on his side. Yet Pip doubts that Jaggers has much to enjoy when he goes home at the end of the day. With the law as a backdrop for much of the action, Pip finds that guilt and innocence are much more complex than he first thought.

Having helped a convict to escape weighs heavily on his young mind, and he is sure that greater powers will catch up to punish him in time. When they do, they are much different than Pip first supposed, for he must first deal with his own conscience outside of the English courts. Underlying all of the characters' actions and outcomes is this theme: the guilty are punished by a power higher than any king's.

Everyone who acts unjustly in the novel is made to either suffer and repent or to die without forgiveness. Likewise, those few who have nothing to regret are begged for mercy. While Pip is owed an apology by Mrs. Joe, her cruelty to him is avenged by her pitiful and helpless last days. The same could be said of Miss Havisham, who dies powerless, alone, and begging Pip's forgiveness. And while Pip owes Joe his life and feels great guilt for the times he wished not to know Joe, he has often abused their friendship.

Pip pays for his carelessness by suffering and nearly dying, and by falling from great wealth back into poverty.

His early innocence is the innocence to which he must return for forgiveness, a prodigal son who remembers the simple truth. Writing essays for high school is too late to reconcile with Miss Havisham, but she finally treats Great expectation essay estella as an equal in both endings to the novel.

Estella has also learned the truth about power. While the law is not kind to Magwitch, he accepts it. The fairness of that is left to the reader to decide since Magwitch has had few chances to be anything in life but a convict. That he is Pip's own convict is his redeeming quality, and in turn Magwitch has saved Pip's humility by revealing that a criminal, not a lady, is providing the money to fulfill Pip's grand expectations of joining the upper class. Magwitch has earned that money by the sweat of his brow, working as a common sheep rancher in Australia and not by any criminal activity.

He could have easily spent the money on himself instead of Pip. These truths are Pip's salvation from a worthless, lazy, and arrogant life like Drummle. Less obvious are those who have never learned what Pip has found.

Uncle Pumblechook and Miss Havisham's relatives will continue to curse others' luck and their own lack of fortune. Guilty of not listening to his heart, Jaggers will live out his days by guarding his words and emotions. While hopelessly self-involved characters such as Drummle and Compeyson are condemned to die without acknowledging their own guilt, others such as Magwitch, Molly, and Estella will be forgiven for misdeeds that are either justifiable or beyond their ability to avoid.

Told through Pip's voice, the story shows that the power of forgiveness is great, for it is by mercy to others that one is forgiven. The law of the land that Pip once feared has little to do with real justice, for only by admitting his own guilt can he find happiness. As Pip concludes about himself by remembering Herbert Pocket, Jr.

I wonder you know me. The first-person narrator of Dickens' Great Expectations is an adult Pip who tells the story in his own voice and from his own memory. What is distinctive about that voice is that it can so intimately recall the many small details of a little boy's fear and misery, as well as the voices and dialects of others-from the rough country speech of Magwitch and Orlick to the deaf Aged Parent's loud repetitions or the mechanically predictable things Jaggers says.

Yet other details seem to be forgotten. Pip tells almost nothing of his beatings from Great expectation essay estella. Joe, but a great deal about his fear of them, using adult vocabulary and concepts in these reflections. The opening scene with little Pip in the cemetery recalls the tombstones as looking like "lozenges," soothing the throat of this mature narrator. This way, the adult Pip not only evaluates events as he remembers them but also adds a deeper insight than he would have had as a child.

The story unfolds chronologically from Pip's earliest memories to his most recent experiences. And while some critics justify Dickens' revised ending, Pip's development is most believable for modern readers if he parts from Estella with the final realization that he could never have been happy with her and her great expectation essay chapter 1 legacy from Miss Havisham.

In Great ExpectationsPip must not only work out his problems but also sort out reality from his childhood dreams. Realistically, the only way that he can do this is by trial and error and learning from his mistakes.

First comes his education, demonstrating that becoming a gentleman means more a good college essay having material wealth. Pip may read as many fine books as he can, but the most important lessons come not from them he does not quote from them but from his analysis of real people and events in his society. While Drummle is financially wealthier than Herbert Pocket or Startop, among Pip's London friends, Drummle has no redeeming qualities nor does he value his friends, which Pip learns is the most important thing in his own life.

In his development, Pip discovers that Miss Havisham has not been his kindly benefactor as he had assumed. Even so, he is able to both save her life and help her to find a little left of her soul before she dies. By helping someone who only appears to be better off than he is, he finds honor in his own name, as humble as that may be. It is ironic that the criminal Great expectation essay estella had insisted, as a condition of Pip's allowance, that he keep his boyhood name "Pip" rather than "Phillip.

He admits that he has at times been ashamed of his country life and do my homework site. Pip also reveals that while he once enjoyed being treated royally by Uncle Pumblechook and Tragg in town, he sees now that this was a false honor. The true nobility is in his homecoming, which is similar to the biblical prodigal son 's return. Pip confesses to Joe and Biddy that he has been too proud to appreciate their unfailing love until great expectation essay chapter 1 finally comes back to them with his new knowledge.

With so many serious things to think about and the ever-present dangers that appear, Pip is always glad to slip away to Wemmick's miniature castle, complete with a tiny moat and cannon, where all good things seem possible again in this stronghold against the evil of the outer world.

One of the best features of the place is the stereotypical character of Wemmick's father, the laughable Aged Parent. Good-natured, deaf, dependent, and weakened by age, the old man is no threat to Pip or to anyone. Instead, he requires the protection of those who have power in the world, that is to say Wemmick and Pip. Wemmick's devotion to his old father seems to Pip to be a wonderful thing, especially in a society that constantly seeks out the weak to take advantage of them.

However, the fragility of the situation makes Wemmick's house seem all the more magical. As close as it is to the unforgiving city life of London, it is a world apart-something about which Wemmick constantly cautions Pip. It is not to be mentioned to Jaggers or to anyone outside of this rare and delightfully protected environment. Pip is rewarded for honoring Wemmick's trust and friendship by being allowed to cook and watch over the Aged Parent, as well as being honored as Wemmick's only wedding guest who is not kin.

Pip soon becomes as fiercely protective as Wemmick is of this place where evil dare not enter.

Great Expectations Essay - Essay

The distinctions between the city, the town, and the country are the most apparent shifts in Pip's story. Although all of them harbor dangerous elements, all of them also carry the forces of good. The difference is that the marsh folk are more obvious in their desires. Orlick is the example of a man without a soul, and Pip recognizes this from the beginning.

It is no surprise when it is revealed that he was Mrs. Joe's savage attacker. The fact that he would also kill Pip points out Orlick's lack of distinction between those who deserve his vengeance and those who do not. He readily attacks anyone who gets in his way. However, in town Tragg's boy makes Pip the laughingstock of all who have more in life than he will ever have, thus showing humor and a knowledge of the world that Orlick does not have.

Even so, Orlick believes he has power over others who may be better off than he is, which he tries to prove. By contrast, along London's sooty streets are those who know Jaggers. They both fear and respect him as someone with the education and social power to help them. He is as impersonal as the buildings around him, but if he cannot save their lives they are certain that they could not have been saved by anyone.

That kind of blind trust is not found in the village-where even Tragg's boy dares to mock Pip-or on the marshes where brute strength may means survival. Of the three, the city is least likely to recognize individuality, which Pip indicates by noticing the overall dirtiness and decay of it as soon as he arrives there.

Great expectation essay chapter 1 person may hide on the marshes or outside of the city, whereas the city has too many eyes to cover up anyone or any deed for long. Even Pip must escape to the suburbs Wemmick's for a time to avoid those eyes. Nineteenth century England had flourishing cities and emerging industries. Machines made it possible for those with money to invest to earn great profits, especially with an abundance of poor people who were willing to work long hours at hard or repetitive jobs for little pay.

By contrast, the rural system included landlords, farmers, and common laborers who owned no land. In this rural system that had existed for centuries, those without land had no hope of bettering their lives: once in poverty, always in poverty. These hopeless poor moved to the city on the dream of making their own fortunes; it was usual for working class families to send young children off to the factories for twelveto fourteen-hour shifts or longer.

Child labor laws would not be enacted until the s. Meanwhile, children and women were ideal workers because they did not form labor unions, and were easily intimidated, beaten, or fired if they protested against an employer's mistreatment. School attendance was a luxury reserved for the children of parents who could afford to pay private tutors in addition to the family's loss of income from a child's labor. The great expectation essay chapter 1 publicly funded elementary schools were not established until the s, when the demand for skilled laborers increased.

The idea of high schools did not receive England's public support until the turn of the century, after Dickens' death. Meanwhile, the labor-saving machines that were to make a few people's fortunes earned many others little more than bad health or early graves.

If you need help faster you can always use our custom writing service. Did you like this example? Having doubts about how to write your paper correctly?

Get started. Leave your email and we will send a sample to you. Email Get sample. Thank you! Get help with my paper. She uses Estella as a weapon against men and teaches her to break their hearts to heal hers.

However, she redeems herself in the end when Pip forgives her. Her character is opposite to Estella due to her compassionate nature. Though both Pip and Biddy are orphans, she mentors Pip to some extent and encourages him to follow his heart. After Mrs. Biddy and Joe name their son, Pip.

Uncle Pumblechook is another character like Miss Havisham who is supercilious and condescending by nature. Despite being an ordinary shopkeeper, he is very boastful. Pumblechook is a classic example of greedy humans. When Pip sat down to play cards with Estella, he notices how peculiar everything is. The fact that she places anything she moves back in homework is harmful or helpful essay place from which it came and that the shoe that has been left out has never been worn.

Most of chapter eight is just Pip noticing things like these. Chapter eight is also about starting the connection between Pip and Estella.

Great expectation essay estella

He thinks she is very pretty but also arrogant. At one point her snootiness made him upset and he started to cry. The cruel person that she is actually was satisfied that she was the one that made him cry. Despite her cruel treatment to Pip he is infatuated with her. The meeting with Miss Havisham and Estella ends with Estella locking the gate behind Pip and laughing at him for crying. This is to give the reader an idea of the scenes so they can create a mental picture.

So using imagery would make it easier for people to remember what had happened previously. Using a young Pip as the narrator makes the reader sad for pip as there is a childish point of view on things but the language used would of have to been very common as Pip is a commoner and relatively uneducated.

Personally I found the novel at times hard to take in because the sentences used were very descriptive but too long. This is what made it hard to read.

Great expectation essay chapter 1

However this is what makes his characters memorable. For example Scrooge was memorable and this is down to the writing style of Dickens. The first of these characters is Joe, the kind-hearted young man, who loved Pip very much. Second, Estella, who is the attractive, cold-hearted young lady whom makes Pip love her all his life. Last, Miss Havisham, the lady who raises Estella, and makes her hurt all men, and break their hearts. Joe always stood up for Pip.

Joe, only So, in relation to that, Joe in Great Expectations is a simple, good and moral character. Joe does not change at all in the book.Great Expectations: SymbolismIn life, symbolism is present all around us. Whether it is in the clothes wewear, the things we do, or what we buy, everything has a meaning. Symbolism isalso present in literature and it is shown in Charles Dickens Great Expectations. The symbols of isolation, manipulation, the tragic hero, and wanting to besomeone else are seen throughout the book through the characters of Estella,Magwitch, Miss Havisham, and Pip.

The character of Estella represents the symbols of isolation and manipulation. By acting as an adult when she was still young, she separated herself from Pipand others. This was due in large part There are many common, familiar cliches about illusion versus truth.

In Charles Dickens' novel, Great Expectations, there are several differences between the illusion and the truth. The appearance of certain things is often detrimental to the outcomes of characters when the reality of a situation is revealed. These illusions are revealed through Pip, a lower class boy caught in the struggle of the social classes of 19th century England In the book Great Expectations by Charles Dickens, the dominant theme is that true goodness and the value of goodness comes from inside a person, not their standing in society, or their wealth.

There are some characters in the book who were aware of this, while there are some who tied to find out the hard way.

Those who found out the hard way lead very difficult lives, and those who knew this truth, led more peaceful, and fulfilling lives. The main character of the novel, Pip, starts out as a little boy who is very unsatisfied with his life In life, symbolism is present all around us.

We could say the Virgin Mary lights her sons in the night of sin. If we look at the sky we can see different kinds of stars. One of them is a star which moves and shines in an intermittent way. Joe, who is always in the countryside, and Mr Jaggers, who is always in London, are characters who great expectation essay estella in series of chapters. In constrast to this, Estella appears in that intermittent way. This is something ambiguous remember also the ambiguity in which the convict is described in the fourth paragraph of the novel.

The characters in the novel are not extremely good or extremely bad the exception would be Joe, in the good part, and Orlick, in the bad partthey are between the two lists that I mentioned at the beginning of the paper. We will see this now, with the analysis of Estella. The first impression Pip has about Estella is also characterized by ambiguity: he thinks she is pretty but she is proud. Miss Havisham obliges Looking for someone to write a paper to play cards with Pip.

The first time which appears the card game in GE is in relation to the battle of sexes since, after her frustrated marriage, Miss Havisham educates Estella to scorn men and in the card game Miss Havisham wants to see a victory of a woman over a man. Estella wins but the most important thing here is that Estella does not want to play with Pip because she thinks he is common.

At the beginning of the novel we, like readers, like Pip because he is poor, a non-cultivated boy and he is an orphan. After a new card game we have the scene of the fight between Pip and the other boy. Pip wins and Estella allows him to kiss her as a kind of prize. This is important because, if the first card game was related with the battle of sexes, this second card game is more related with the way in which a person moves in society.

Estella tends to search for the company of the winners in society, the people who have a good position and wealth. The failure of this marriage will make to reconsider her thoughts, this marriage will humanize her, as we will see later. In the following chapter chapter 12 we have great expectation essay estella new visit of Pip. In a moment in which Estella is not present Pip agrees with Miss Havisham that Estella is prettier and prettier.

We have to give a jump to chapter 29 for the following appearance of Estella. In this chapter, Pip finds Estella very changed and prettier, Estella also thinks Pip is very changed.

The next day, on Christmas, the prisoner was captured and returned to the prison ship known as The Hulks. The prisoner never reveals that he was helped by Pip. But, however, Pip is ashamed of his work and family, and his greatest wish is to become into a gentleman in order to be worthy of the love of Estella. One day Pip receives a visit from Mr.

Jaggers, who informs him that an anonymous benefactor has left him a huge sum of great expectation essay estella and that he has to move to London, where he will be raised to be a gentleman. After this, Pip is convinced that his benefactor is Miss Havisham, and believes that he is being trained to be the future husband of Estella. By doing what Miss Havisham tells her to, she shows she is just as heartless as her stepmother. She also represents manipulation in how she played with Pip's feelings, who has strong feelings for her eventhough he also cannot stand her.

She tells Pip "Come here! You may kiss me if you like. Although the kiss may have meant a lot to Pip, it did security incident report mean anything to Estella as she was just playing with Pip's emotions.

Social Status in Great Expectations

The character of Magwitch represents the symbols of isolation and the tragic hero. In this case, he was physically isolated from society because he was a convict and was looked upon with disgust. When Magwitch confesses and apologizes to Joe for stealing the food, Joe replies "poor miserable fellow creatur. My grandmother once told me a story about my mother.

She was a raving beauty in her 20s in China, and many qualified suitors pursued her. My mother was only willing to remarry under one nonnegotiable condition: my new father must treat me as he would his biological child.

Great expectations ch 1-7

Wei Yu, whose surname I now bear, was amongst the few that agreed. When my parents argue, I feel an indelible guilt, that my existence may have caused her to forgo a happier marriage. She made the sacrifice that would constrain her to a tiresome path, and now she is weary.

In a way, she gave up on me like I did her. Short Answer Questions. Short Answer Questions Key. Oral Reading Evaluation Sheet. Reading Assignment Sheet. Writing Evaluation Form. One Week Quiz A. Two Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz A. Four Week Quiz B.